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什么是形位公差 它包括形状公差和位置公差

 二维码 17
作者:JZ Editor来源:JZ Robot网址:http://sybergsdorsett.com/h-nd-597.html

引言:在机械加工中,我们需要了解一下什么是形位公差,因为在机械加工后零件的实际要素相对于理想要素总有误差,而形位公差则包括了形状公差和位置公差,本文会具体介绍这两种公差。


  形位公差一般也叫几何公差包括形状公差和位置公差。任何零件都是由点、线、面构成的,这些点、线、面称为要素。机械加工后零件的实际要素相对于理想要素总有误差,包括形状误差和位置误差。这类误差影响机械产品的功能,设计时应规定相应的公差并按规定的标准符号标注在图样上。


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  JIAGONGHOUDELINGJIANHUIYOUCHICUNGONGCHA,YINERGOUCHENGLINGJIANJIHETEZHENGDEDIAN、XIAN、MIANDESHIJIXINGZHUANGHUOXIANGHUWEIZHIYULIXIANGJIHETIGUIDINGDEXINGZHUANGHEXIANGHUWEIZHIJIUCUNZAICHAYI,ZHEIZHONGXINGZHUANGSHANGDECHAYIJIUSHIXINGZHUANGGONGCHA,ERXIANGHUWEIZHIDECHAYIJIUSHIWEIZHIGONGCHA,ZHEIXIECHAYITONGCHENGWEIXINGWEIGONGCHA。XIAMIAN,WOMENJUTILAIJIESHAOYIXIAXINGZHUANGGONGCHAHEWEIZHIGONGCHA。


  形状公差


  XINGZHUANGGONGCHASHIZHIDANYISHIJIYAOSUDEXINGZHUANGSUOYUNXUDEBIANDONGLIANG,RUPINGMIANDU、YUANDU、YUANZHUDU、ZHIXIANDU、LUNKUODUDENG。SHIBEICEYAOSUDEJIHEXINGZHUANGDEGONGCHA,JIJIHEXINGZHUANGDEZHUNQUEXING,BUCUNZAIDUIJIZHUNDEWUCHA,SHIDULIDEWUCHA。XINGZHUANGGONGCHABAOKUOZHIXIANDU、PINGMIANDU、YUANDU、YUANZHUDU、XIANLUNKUODUHEMIANLUNKUODU。


形位公差


形位公差


  1、ZHIXIANDU

北京快3  FUHAOWEIYIDUANHENGXIAN(-),SHIXIANZHISHIJIZHIXIANDUILIXIANGZHIXIANBIANDONGLIANGDEYIXIANGZHIBIAO。TASHIZHENDUIZHIXIANFASHENGBUZHIERTICHUDEYAOQIU。


  2、PINGMIANDU

  FUHAOWEIYIPINGXINGSIBIANXING,SHIXIANZHISHIJIPINGMIANDUILIXIANGPINGMIANBIANDONGLIANGDEYIXIANGZHIBIAO。TASHIZHENDUIPINGMIANFASHENGBUPINGERTICHUDEYAOQIU。


  3、YUANDU

北京快3  FUHAOWEIYIYUAN(○),SHIXIANZHISHIJIYUANDUILIXIANGYUANBIANDONGLIANGDEYIXIANGZHIBIAO。TASHIDUIJUYOUYUANZHUMIAN(BAOKUOYUANZHUIMIAN、QIUMIAN)DELINGJIAN,ZAIYIZHENGJIEMIAN(YUZHOUXIANCHUIZHIDEMIAN)NEIDEYUANXINGLUNKUOYAOQIU。


  4、YUANZHUDU

  FUHAOWEILIANGXIEXIANZHONGJIANJIAYIYUAN(/○/),SHIXIANZHISHIJIYUANZHUMIANDUILIXIANGYUANZHUMIANBIANDONGLIANGDEYIXIANGZHIBIAO。TAKONGZHILEYUANZHUTIHENGJIEMIANHEZHOUJIEMIANNEIDEGEXIANGXINGZHUANGWUCHA,RUYUANDU、SUXIANZHIXIANDU、ZHOUXIANZHIXIANDUDENG。YUANZHUDUSHIYUANZHUTIGEXIANGXINGZHUANGWUCHADEZONGHEZHIBIAO。


  5、XIANLUNKUODU

北京快3  FUHAOWEIYISHANGTUDEQUXIAN(⌒),SHIXIANZHISHIJIQUXIANDUILIXIANGQUXIANBIANDONGLIANGDEYIXIANGZHIBIAO。TASHIDUIFEIYUANQUXIANDEXINGZHUANGJINGDUYAOQIU。


  6、MIANLUNKUODU

北京快3  FUHAOSHIYONGYIDUANXIANJIANGXIANLUNKUODUDEFUHAOXIAMIANFENGBI,SHIXIANZHISHIJIQUMIANDUILIXIANGQUMIANBIANDONGLIANGDEYIXIANGZHIBIAO。TASHIDUIQUMIANDEXINGZHUANGJINGDUYAOQIU。


  7、PINGXINGDU

  DENGYUJICHUDECHICUNGONGCHAZHIHUOSHIZHIXIANDUHEPINGMIANDUWEIZHUGONGCHAZHIDEJIAODAZHE。


  位置公差


  WEIZHIGONGCHASHIZHIGUANLIANSHIJIYAOSUDEFANGXIANGHUOWEIZHIDUIJIZHUNSUOYUNXUDEBIANDONGQUANLIANG。WEIZHIGONGCHADAISHIXIANZHIGUANLIANSHIJIYAOSUBIANDONGDEQUYU,BEICESHIJIYAOSUWEIYUCIQUYUNEIWEIHEGE。GENJUGUANLIANYAOSUDUIJIZHUNDEGONGNENGYAOQIU,WEIZHIGONGCHAYOUFENWEIDINGXIANGGONGCHA、DINGWEIGONGCHAHETIAODONGGONGCHASANLEI。


形位公差


形位公差


  1、DINGXIANGGONGCHA:DINGXIANGGONGCHASHIZHIGUANLIANSHIJIYAOSUDUIJIZHUNZAIFANGXIANGSHANGYUNXUDEBIANDONGQUANLIANG。DINGXIANGGONGCHADAIDEFANGXIANGSHIGUDINGDE,TAYOUJIZHUNQUEDING,ERQIWEIZHIZEKEZAICHICUNGONGCHADAINEIFUDONG。ZHEILEIGONGCHABAOKUOPINGXINGDU、CHUIZHIDUJIQINGXIEDUSANZHONG。


  BEICEYAOSUYOUZHIXIANHEPINGMIAN,JIZHUNYAOSUYEYOUZHIXIANHEPINGMIAN,GUBEICEYAOSUXIANGDUIYUJIZHUNYAOSUDEFANGXIANGGONGCHAKEFENWEIXIANDUIXIAN、XIANDUIMIAN、MIANDUIXIANHEMIANDUIMIANSIZHONGQINGKUANG。GENJUBEICEYAOSUDEGONGNENGYAOQIUJIJIHETEZHENG,DINGXIANGGONGCHAYOUKEFENWEIJIDINGYIGEFANGXIANG、JIDINGLIANGGEFANGXIANGHERENYIFANGXIANGSANZHONG。


  2、DINGWEIGONGCHA:DINGWEIGONGCHASHIZHIGUANLIANYAOSUDUIJIZHUNZAIWEIZHISHANGYUNXUDEBIANDONGQUANLIANG。DINGWEIGONGCHADAIXIANGDUIYUJIZHUNDEWEIZHISHIGUDINGDE。DINGWEIGONGCHADAIJIKONGZHIBEICEYAOSUDEWEIZHIWUCHA,YOUKONGZHIBEICEYAOSUDEFANGXIANGWUCHAHEXINGZHUANGWUCHA。ERDINGXIANGGONGCHADAIJIKONGZHIBEICEYAOSUDEFANGXIANGWUCHA,YOUKONGZHIQIXINGZHUANGWUCHA。ERXINGZHUANGGONGCHADAIZEZHINENGKONGZHIBEICEYAOSUDEXINGZHUANGWUCHA。


  DINGWEIGONGCHABAOKUOTONGZHOUDU、DUICHENGDU、HEWEIZHIDUSANZHONG。TONGZHOUDUGONGCHAYONGYUKONGZHIZHOULEILINGJIANDEBEICEZHOUXIANDUIJIZHUNZHOUXIANDETONGZHOUDUWUCHA。DUICHENGDUGONGCHAYONGYUKONGZHIBEICEYAOSUZHONGXINPINGMIAN(HUOZHOUXIAN)DUIJIZHUNZHONGXINPINGMIAN(HUOZHOUXIAN)DEGONGMIAN(HUOGONGXIAN)XINGWUCHA。WEIZHIDUGONGCHAYONGYUKONGZHIBEICEYAOSU(DIAN、XIAN、MIAN)DUIJIZHUNDEWEIZHIWUCHA。WEIZHIWUCHAKEFENWEIJIDINGYIGEFANGXIANG、JIDINGLIANGGEFANGXIANGHERENYIFANGXIANGSANZHONG,HOUZHEYONGDEZUIDUO。


北京快3  3、TIAODONGGONGCHA:TIAODONGGONGCHASHIGUANLIANSHIJIYAOSURAOJIZHUNZHOUXIANXUANZHUANYIZHOUHUORUOGANCIXUANZHUANSHISUOYUNXUDEZUIDATIAODONGLIANG。TIAODONGGONGCHAFENWEIYUANTIAODONGYUQUANTIAODONGLIANGLEI。YUANTIAODONGYOUFENWEIJINGXIANGYUANTIAODONG、DUANMIANYUANTIAODONGYUXIEXIANGYUANTIAODONGSANXIANG;QUANTIAODONGFENWEIJINGXIANGQUANTIAODONGHEDUANMIANQUANTIAODONG。


北京快3  ZAILEJIEXINGWEIGONGCHADESHIHOU,WOMENZHIDAOLEXINGWEIGONGCHABAOKUOXINGZHUANGGONGCHAHEWEIZHIGONGCHA,JIXIEJIAGONGHOULINGJIANDESHIJIYAOSUXIANGDUIYULIXIANGYAOSUHUIYOUWUCHA,ZHEIQIZHONGJIUBAOHANLEXINGZHUANGGONGCHAHEWEIZHIGONGCHA。WENZHONGJIESHAOLEXINGZHUANGGONGCHADEZHIXIANDU、PINGMIANDU、YUANDU、YUANZHUDU、XIANLUNKUODU、MIANLUNKUODUHEPINGXINGDUDENG,YEJIESHAOLEDINGXIANGGONGCHA、DINGWEIGONGCHAHETIAODONGGONGCHAZHEISANLEIWEIZHIGONGCHA,SHIWOMENJINYIBULEJIELESHENMESHIXINGWEIGONGCHA。GUANYUJIXIEJIAGONGZHONGDEYIXIEGONGCHAZHISHI,KEYIGUANZHUWOMENDEGONGZHONGHAO,LEJIEBEIJINGKUAI3XIANGGUANZHISHI。


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